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How the Incas used they road system (part 1)

Posted by on Jun 8, 2015

camino interno del inca

The Inca did not  use the road  network  only  for  travelers through the empire, the road system also provided many religious and  military  purposes   for the Inca culture.

 

Transportation

The Inca  used the chasqui (runners) and llamas and alpacas for the transportation on the roads.

 

The chasqui were able to run  240 km (150 mi)   per day. They were in charge of delivering everything much like the Pony Express of the 1860s in North America.

Alpacas and llamas  are lightweight animals. They cannot carry much, but they are incredibly quik. When transporting big  values of goods across the country it was more productive for the Incas to use flocks of llamas or alpacas and have two or three herders. The herdsmen would herd the animals up the raised mountain trails without having to risk peoples’ lives and while still being estimate to carry larger amounts of tnings.

 

Trade

All resources in the Incas country were the ownership of the ruling elite, the Inca. The delivery of these goods was known as vertical archipelago. This system  for trade was  throughout the Inca empire. Distinctive regions  of the country had distinctive resources. The roads were helped to send out the resources to other divisions  of the empire that were in need of them. This is one of the senses the Inca empire was so influential. They not only had a multitude of resources, but a set system to make sure all parts of the empire were able to obtain all the resources.

(to be continued)

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What is the Inca Trail

Posted by on May 27, 2015

 

What is Camino Inca

Camino Inca (the Spanish  name of  the  Inca road system)  in pre-Columbian South America  was the most advanced and extensive  transportation system. The routes  and trails ran in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and  Argentina.

It was about 24,800 miles long or more than 30, 000 km! And now it is still in  good condition after over 500 years of use.

Much of the system was the result of the Incas claiming exclusive right over numerous traditional routes, some of which had been  paved  centuries earlier mostly by the Wari Empire (culture that precede the Inca Empire).

The network was based on two north-south roads with numerous branches.

The most important Inca road was the Camino Real (Royal Road), as it is known in Spanish, with a length of 5,200 kilometres (3,200 mi). It began in Quito, Ecuador, passed through Cusco, and ended in what is now Tucumán, Argentina.

Climbing by the Camino Inca

The true extent of the road network is not completely known, since the Spaniards, post conquest, either dug up the road completely in some areas, or allowed it to deteriorate and fall into ruin under iron-clad horses’ hooves, or the metal wheels of ox-carts.

 

 

Today, only 25 % of this network is still visible, the rest having been destroyed by the construction of modern infrastructure. Different organizations such as UNESCO and IUCN have been working to protect the network in collaboration with the governments and communities of the 6 countries through which the Great Inca Road passes.

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